taking a zoological approach to chairs - the new york …
Century naturalist Charles Darwin, an outstanding scientist named after him about 120 species, an Australian city and an Andes,, among his other achievements, there is an inconspicuous footnote in the history of design, which is an anonymous contribution to furniture design.
Darwin designed the earliest known example of a wheelchair, and now millions of people around the world sit in a chair or lazily in a chair.
He made a custom wooden armchair in his home in rural England, and in his 1840 s he took off his legs and replaced them with a set of plaster
Iron bed legs mounted on casters.
Darwin then moved around in his study, carefully studying specimens after specimens.
Early examples now known as \"design hack\" or \"joint hack\"
Design has won a bit of Darwin\'s role in office chair classification, a new book by Jonathan Olivares, an American industrial designer and design researcher.
\"Taxi\" and \"nomia\" are derived from Ancient Greek words and translated into \"arrangement\" and \"method\" respectively, and \"classification\" is a classification system.
The word alone shows
Olivares took an unusually thoughtful and rigorous approach to his subject matter and distinguished his book from the usual image --heavy, fact-
Simple coffee table-
Crushing design. So it should.
There are three different categories of his books.
The first part is the catalogue of 142 office chairs arranged in chronological order.
Olivares believes this is particularly innovative.
The second is a classification that lists the development of different parts of the chair, including headrest, backrest, handrails, seats, rods and bases.
There are 11 types of backrest only: single spine, split single spine, single spine with arm rest connection, etc.
Section 3 deals specifically with milestones for office chair movement: from 360-
1849 the degree of inclination of the backrest in the centripetal force spring chair, and the degree of inclination of the backrest on the chair of 2009.
Each part of the ad is packed with facts, and is illustrated by silhouette photos of each chair in the chronology, as well as simple line drawings of parts in the catalog of categories and movements. Mr.
Olivares also designed a reader.
Friendly Cross Way
Use the page number to refer to the information of each chair in all three sections.
The results shared the clarity and ingenuity of another recently published book, I swear I don\'t use art at all, in which Dutch book designer Joost groo described his work through a series of maps, grids, charts, indexes, and other visual devices. Mr. advertising
Olivier\'s initial goal was not to analyze the office chair specifically, but to trace the evolution of industrial products thoroughly and objectively, as biologists and zoologists study nature.
As he admits, the book is easily classified as a toaster or car engine, but he chose office chairs because they combine mechanical complexity closely with the human body. He chose well.
The most striking design history of an object is always any or (ideally)
All of the following: a)
Everyone is familiar enough to recognize even those who do not use them; b)
Challenging enough in terms of structure or operating system to convince the most capable designers and manufacturers to produce them; and c)
It reflects the changes in their times, especially in society, economy, culture and behavior.
There are very few items to check all these boxes, but the office chair is checked.
Another advantage of it is that it is used so intensively by tens of millions of people who sit on it most of their working days that its design quality has a significant impact and happiness on their health.
Does anyone have back pain?
Yet another benefit, at least in terms of its literary appeal, is that even in relatively unsophisticated office chairs, the technical level is unusually high.
If you don\'t believe me, try to figure out how to adjust by reading the kind of hard-to-understand and intricate instruction manual you expect to find on the space shuttle Endeavour.
Like sneakers, the office chair is a daily item that is often out of proportion to its size or function.
All of these elements make up a disturbing design history.
Olivares said with relish.
He described how the office chair developed from the customized 19th.
With the expansion of the office furniture market, Century installations like Darwin enable manufacturers to invest in increasingly sophisticated technologies.
Although he always takes great pains to background his application by showing that the adoption of new materials and production processes is often driven by external factors (mainly economic pressure.
Use ergonomics or make it more comfortable for people using chairs.
It became popular among designers in their 1970 s, but until their 1980 s, European security regulations tightened and costs in the United States were accepted by major manufacturersS.
The number of companies insured for legitimate claims of employees has surged.
Similar financial considerations have contributed to the development of sustainable office furniture. Mr.
Olivares attributed the rise of the 20th century \"status symbol\" chairman to the popularity of Frederick Winslow Taylor\'s 1911 \"scientific management\" theory.
By encouraging the company to adopt a hierarchy, Taylor inadvertently motivated their employees, particularly senior employees, to expect the cost and complexity of their chairs to reflect their hierarchy.
It was not until 1994 that the United StatesS.
The manufacturer Herman Miller introduced the Aeron chair, which was designed specifically for computer users, a style, a color, three sizes, determined by the shape of the body not to be in the state.
Weakness of Sir.
Olivier\'s book is, like a coffee table --
It tends to focus on the success of the design, ignoring the failures that are equally influential.
This is a minor flaw compared to the advantages of a book that asks its subject matter with such enthusiasm and vitality.
You will never look at the office chair the same way again.
A version of the article was published in the International Herald Tribune on April 25, 2011.
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